Friday, May 31, 2013

The Earth is Expanding - The theory behind the Expanding Earth


You may have heard of the expanding Earth theory through various means, such as through Clif High for example. Here we have a great article below from exo human, explaining a few things about it.

Take note of the second video which does seem to get your attention, as it fits together the land masses of the Earth, as the Earth gets smaller and smaller, which actually provides some good proof about how the Planet Earth has been getting larger over the years.

Via, via May 2013 (Thanks Jakub) - THE PANGEA THEORY (of ‘drifting continents’) is wrong! Yet it is still the generally accepted one; still taught in our schools; yet another example of something they do not want us to know. In the video below, Neal Adams effortlessly demonstrates the oh-so-obvious theory that the Earth is in fact growing.

(While you’re watching it, you may begin to wonder what other lies we’re being told about our world… and about ourselves… Darwinian evolution, for example.)

IF YOU HAVE EVER LOOKED at a map of the world, you have undoubtedly noticed that the East coast of South America appears to mimic the shape of the West coast of Africa. This observation was also noticed by German born geophysicists, Alfred Wegener, who proposed that the continents we see today were once connected. His theory (Kontinentalverschiebung) was ridiculed and dismissed for 40 years because no one could imagine how continents could move and essentially plow through the ocean floor’s crust.

But in the 1950s a research ship of the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, conducted a deep sea survey of the Atlantic Ocean’s floor and discovered an enormous submerged mountain chain which they named the “Mid-Atlantic Ridge”. It was later discovered that every ocean contains parts of the same, interconnected mid-ocean ridge system. Although the ridge system runs down the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, the ridge is located away from the center of other oceans.

All planets are born from their Suns and they expand as they grow to maturity
moving further and further away from the Sun as new planets are born.

—Walter Russell, “The Universal One,” 1927

Close examination of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, and other mid-ocean ridges, revealed that these were formed by cracks in the earth’s crust which allowed magma to come to the surface, cool and solidify to become new crust. In fact, core samples of the crust on either side of the ridges showed that it was relatively new and spreading out, away from the ridge. At last, Wegener’s plate tectonic theory was accepted!

Subduction Zones?
One of the interesting things about paradigms is that they stubbornly refuse to die. The idea that the Earth had never changed persisted, even though Wegener’s plate tectonic theory was the new paradigm. Sure, new crust was being formed in the mid-ocean ridges and this was moving the continents, but the size of the planet wouldn’t change– would it?

Assuming the planet was the same size as it is now, the original Pangaea would have been surrounded by a vast ocean.

To maintain a planet of the same size, there has to be a method to compensate for the new crust being made in the ridges. To solve this dilemma, scientists theorized that the plates sometimes move under other plates in a process called subduction.

The map above shows the age of the earth’s oceanic crust from newest (red) to oldest (blue).

There is no “direct” proof of subduction. No experimental objects have been placed to measure it and no land masses have ever been observed moving towards each other. So the question arises: is there an alternate theory? And what does this theory reveal about “Doomsday”?

The Expanding Earth Theory—Cycles of Doom
Shortly after Wegener’s continental drift theory was introduced, many people tried to piece together the continents. Some pieces (like South America and Africa) were an obvious fit, but others did not fit together because of the belief that a vast ocean had to be accommodated in the models. Sam Carey, an Australian, dared to solve the puzzle without an ocean and found that the continents fit together perfectly. Of course, this was in the 1930s at a time when Wegener’s theory was still being ridiculed and mocked.

But Carey was on to something big… or small. His solution only worked if the Earth was a fraction of its present size. But it worked perfectly…

There is strong evidence that the oceans are a relatively recent addition to planet Earth. All the present ocean floors are geologically young. Present-day continents, such as Australia, were formed about 4.3 billion years ago. In contrast, the geologically oldest seafloor formed only 180 million years ago.

The Plate Tectonic model assumes this is because older oceanic crust has been subducted. For this assumption to be correct, an area equivalent to the Pacific Ocean would have had to be subducted under the Americas since the Jurassic period, with no debris or remnants of older oceanic crust left behind. We just don’t see that kind of vigorous subduction taking place anywhere on the planet today.

Biologists have looked at ancient plant and animal fossils to determine which continents and oceans they once inhabited. They concluded that, “The balance of evidence seems to require an expanding earth…”

Carey suggested that an experiment should be conducted to measure the expansion and, in 1986, his suggestion was carried out.

A pair of receivers [A & B below] were set up at different locations on the earth, each looking at the same quasar and listening to its radio emissions. Quasars are radio sources which serve as a universal beacon. Because of the curvature of the Earth, one location (A) was slightly nearer to the quasar signal and so received it first. Using the time delay and a little geometry, the difference in the distance between the two stations and the quasar can be determined. If the same measurements are taken at a later time, when the two receivers are oriented with respect to the quasar as before, if receiver B has moved closer to the quasar, the delay time between them will be less.

Since we know that the distance between the two receivers [A and B] has not changed, evidence of their apparent change in distance from the Quasar [C] must be attributed to the fact that the curvature of the Earth has lessened from expansion. Over a ten year period, experimental results showed an earth expansion of about two centimeters per year (2.0 cm/yr), while the actual surface separation [A and B] remained constant.

This may sound small, but the volume is enormous!

Giraffes and Dinosaurs
If the Earth were the size of Carey’s model, 250-million years ago, it would likely have had just 50% of its present gravity. As it grew larger the gravity would increase. Proponents of the Expanding Earth theory are quick to note that this explains some mysteries that have puzzled archaeologists and biologists. It seems that they are at a loss to explain how animals such as dinosaurs could have evolved to be so huge.

Giraffes have a maximum height to which their necks can grow. This is determined by the pull of gravity on the blood in the arteries travelling up to their brains. A height over 17 feet apparently reaches the limits of heart muscles. But dinosaurs were much larger. How did they achieve adequate blood perfusion in their brains?

According to researcher and author, Stephen Hurrell:

To understand why dinosaurs were so large we need to turn the question of their large size on its head and ask why the animals of today don’t grow as large as the dinosaurs. As any animal becomes larger its mass (and hence its weight) varies in relation to its unit length cubed, while the area (and hence the strength) of its legs varies in relationship to its unit length squared. This mathematical relationship governs the size of all life, so as animals increase in size their strength-to-weight ratio reduces until they reach an upper size limit.
“This upper limit is the reason why it is so surprising that dinosaurs were so gigantic. Today’s life appears to have reached the maximum size achievable, but life during the dinosaurs’ time was much larger. This larger size could be explained if dinosaurs weighed less because gravity was less at that time.

Gigantic prehistoric flying insects also suggest much lower gravity in the past.

ABOVE: the expansion of Ganymede. More expansion: The Great Lakes | Our Moon | Mars | Europa


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